Zika fever or zika virus infection is a mosquito-borne viral disease that generally occurs in subtropical and tropical areas of the world. The virus is passed on by female Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes, which usually bite during the day.
Zika virus was first found in monkeys in Uganda in the year 1947. It was later identified in humans in 1952 in the United Republic of Tanzania and Uganda. Outbreaks of this disease have been recorded in Africa, America, Asia and the pacific. In India, the first case of Zika virus disease was reported in the year 2017 in Gujarat. 80 other cases which included 22 pregnant women were reported in the western state of Rajasthan. Though there is no current evidence suggesting an ongoing Zika virus outbreak, it is always better to stay aware.
To help you keep safe this monsoon, Dr Binita Priyambada, senior consultant, medical team at Docprime.com shares a few important things you must know about the disease:
Transmission of Zika Virus
When this infected mosquito bites someone, the virus enters into the bloodstream of the person and infects him/her. The virus may also spread from an infected mother to a fetus during pregnancy. In some cases, the virus has also been reported to spread through blood transfusion and sexual contact.